(ULTIMATE LIST OF ACRONYMS)
3D FILES & FORMATS
3D PULA 's feisty little brother is a list that promises to bring a little organisation to the plethora of file formats in 3D Printing/ Additive Manufacturing.
What is an .stl?
How to convert .stl into .dwg?
Are Solidworks and Parasolid files 3D printable?
The list covers the most commonly used file formats you may encounter during your journey from idea to ready part. It is helpful whether you decide to design your own 3D models for Additive Manufacturing, want to preview them, attempt to export them externally for the 3D print bureau service, and even to facilitate communication between the teams.
It is an ongoing project which will be growing with time, and, hopefully, the one bears witness to the creation of one universal, independent, neutral 3D Printing File format.
file format generated in Autodesk's 3D Studio Max, supporting mesh, colour and texture data; later succeeded by .max file format.
an XML-based file format that includes 3D additive manufacturing data such as colour and material properties; developed by 3MF Consortium.
.AMF = Additive Manufacturing Format
an XML-based file format with native support for color, materials, lattices, and constellations.
.ASM = Solid edge 3d Assembly file
BIM = Building Information modeling
.BAT = Batch File
.bff = build file format (3D Systems)
.blend = Blender file
.BPF = Background Preparation File (3D Systems)
.c3s = procera file
file from product design CAD software Catia by Dassault Systems.
.CLS = Concept laser Slice files
parameter file created during slicing for each .stl, .slc and support .stl (3DSystems)
.crv = Vcarve files
a compressed .stl file created every time the part is uploaded into 3D Manage (3DSystems SLA); propriety file format by 3D Systems.
.DAE = Coliada Format, capable of supporting
.DCM, Dicom = Digital Imaging and Communications in medicine
drawing file format
drawing file format
.F3D = Fusion 3D Design
project file generated in Autodesk Fusion 360.
.f&s = Fockele & Schwarze File
.FBX = FILMBOX File
GIS = Geographic / geospacial Files
.iam = Autodesk Inventor Assembly file
.IFC = Industry Foundation Classes
.ipt = Autodesk Inventor part file
.mgx, .MAGIX =
project files generated in Materialise Magics file preparation software by Materialise. Models can be exported in wide variety of print ready formats, software also allows for data manipulation and texturing.
.MTL = MaTerial Format
ASCII format files containing one or more material definitions (color, texture, reflection maps etc.) These are applied to the surfaces and vertices of objects. In 3D printing context, often found around the ↓.OBJ files.
.NEU = proengineer
.OBJ = Object File, Wavefront/alias obj
simple ASCII data-format for 3D geometry, developed by Wavefront Technologies in 1980's. By itself it does not support colour or material data, textures are applied separately with use of UV maps. Often accompanied by ↑.MTL and texture file in either .jpg, .bmp or .png format.
binary file containing essential support data (3DS)
.par = Solid edge 3d file
pBR = Physically Based Rendering
.PLA = Platform File (3DS)
.PLY = Polygon File Format or Stanford Triangle Format
.prt = ProE/Creo Parametric file
.PSM = Solid edge 3d file
.pvc = Photo VCarve file
.rf = Rob CAD file format
.RVT = Revit File
.SAT = ACIS file
.shp = Shape file
most common geo-spacial file format.
.SKP = SketchUp file
.SLC = SLiCer file (3DS)
.sldASM - Solidworks Assembly file
.sldprt- SOlidworks Part File
files generated in Dassault Systems' Solidworks CAD design package.
.smp = Simple Bitmap File (3DS)
.ssl = StrataSys Layer interface
SSR = Screen Space Reflections
useful term for 3D rendering.
.STL = 'STereoLitography' file format
developed for 3DSystems in 1987 before the launch of first commercial 3D Printer; sometimes also interpreted as 'Standard Tesselation Language', 'Surface Tesselation Language' or 'Standard Triangle Language', however they seem to be later explanations.
.stpz = compressed .stp file
Cut3D/ Part Works 3D Files
ASCII text file containing all the messages generated by 3D Manage software (3DSystems, SLA)
virtual reality modeling language; succeeded by ↓X3D format
↑VRML-based file format used for colour models; files are often accompanied by texture files in .jpg/.bmp/.png format.
.X_B = Parasolid FiLe
.X_T = Parasolid File
as of 2001, successor of VRML language for encoding colour texture information on top of the geometry.
XML = Extensive Markup Language
a type of markup language defining a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable
.ZBD = ZBuilD file
original build file for ZCorp ↑3DP and ↑CJP systems, later adopted by 3D Systems for the powder-based jet binding systems.
tool file, native to Pixologic's ZBrush 3D sculpting software.
.ZPR = Zbrush project file
EVEN DUST IF PILED, can become a mountain.
(lit. Many a little makes a mickle.)